9 Parameterized R Markdown
9.1 Getting Started
R Markdown documents are used as the basis for many types of data products. One variation on the traditional R Markdown document is the Parameterized Report. Parameterized reports let you customize the content of a document without duplicating work. This can be handy in situations where a document template would be preferable to the creation of many individualized reports. For example, you might want to customize a report template to send weekly emails to different departments, or change inputs to create versions of an ETL process. A general overview of Parameterized R Markdown is available as a lesson on the R Markdown Website.
9.1.1 Defining Parameters
To create a parameterized report, declare parameters in the params section of the R Markdown YAML header:
--- title: Visualizing the Ocean Floor output: html_document params: data: "hawaii" ---
In this example, the params field creates a placeholder variable called
data and assigns the default value of “hawaii”.
Parameters can be customized to impose constraints or controls on accepted input values. These specifications can be listed as sub-items within the parameter YAML section:
--- title: My Document output: html_document params: days: label: "Number of Previous Days" value: 90 input: slider min: 30 max: 360 region: label: "Region:" value: Europe input: select choices: [North America, Europe, Asia, Africa] ---
This params field defines two parameters,
days, which provides a slider input widget with limits on the minimum and maximum values, and
region, which is a selector widget with four predefined options to choose from.
Refer to Chapter 15 of R Markdown: The Definitive Guide for more information on custom parameter input types and controls.
9.1.2 Using Parameters
Parameterized reports can be developed and tested in the RStudio IDE before publishing to RStudio Connect. To access a parameter in code, call
params$<parameter name>. Parameters can be referenced in document code chunks or inline code statements:
This example is explored in further detail as a lesson on the R Markdown Website.
9.2 Publishing to RStudio Connect
Once published, an INPUT sidebar will become available in the RStudio Connect dashboard.
Click on the input sidebar to update the parameters and re-run the report.
The default configuration of RStudio Connect will not allow viewers to edit input parameters or run a report if they have not been granted access permissions to do so. The input panel will still be accessible, but the parameter input fields will not be displayed:
Applications.ViewerCustomizedReports configuration settings can alter the permissibility of viewer actions on reports. See the RStudio Connect Admin Guide for more information.
9.3 Saved Variants
Document publishers and collaborators can create saved variants of the published report by setting and saving desired parameters.
The visibility of saved variants can be set to Personal (Only you) or Shared (Everyone with access to the document). In the example above, several Personal variants of the default report have been created so that a user could quickly navigate between the generated output of four sets of parameters.
Each saved variant can be executed on a schedule and will have a separate rendering history associated with it. See sections 6 and 7 for more information. For information on how to set up a custom email distribution for a saved variant, see section 6.4.
9.4 Tracking Visits
Connect also exposes visit information about parameterized documents that will tell you which documents have been seen, when and by whom. The same information is recorded and made available for non-parameterized R Markdown documents, other rendered types and static content. It is available via an API that may be used by administrators or publishers. Publishers may retrieve information about their own content only.
More information about using the API is included in the historical information chapter of the RStudio Connect Admin Guide.